5 Causes of Sore Throat When Swallowing, Along with Explanation and Treatment


PeekSeleb – Sore throat when swallowing or dysphagia, is a common complaint that is often experienced by many people. Symptoms can vary from discomfort to severe pain.

A sore throat when swallowing can be a symptom of various medical conditions. In this article, we will look at some of the common causes of sore throat when swallowing and some possible treatment steps that may help relieve the symptoms.

1. Upper Respiratory Tract Infection


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One common cause of a sore throat when swallowing is an upper respiratory infection, such as the flu or a cold.

This infection can cause inflammation of the throat and cause pain when swallowing. Usually, these symptoms will subside as the infection clears.

2. Allergies


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Allergies to materials such as pollen, dust, or pet dander can cause throat irritation. This can make the throat hurt when swallowing.

Identifying the allergens that trigger symptoms and avoiding them can help reduce sore throat complaints.

3. Acid Reflux


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Acid reflux occurs when stomach acid backs up into the esophagus. This can happen because of a weak valve between the stomach and esophagus or because of increased stomach acid production.

Acid pushed into the esophagus can cause irritation and pain in the throat, especially when swallowing. Avoiding spicy, fatty, or acidic foods and elevating your head while sleeping can help reduce symptoms of acid reflux.


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Infection or inflammation of the tonsils (tonsillitis) can cause an intense sore throat when swallowing. Other symptoms include swollen tonsils, redness and fever.

In the case of bacterial tonsillitis, antibiotics may be needed to treat the infection. However, if the tonsillitis is chronic or recurrent, surgical removal of the tonsils (tonsillectomy) may be an option.

5. Inflammation of the Esophagus (Esophagitis)


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Inflammation of the esophagus, which can be caused by acid reflux or a yeast infection, can also cause pain when swallowing.

Treatment depends on the cause, but may involve changing your diet, taking antacids, or treating your yeast infection with oral antifungals.

To relieve symptoms of a sore throat when swallowing, some steps you can take include:

– Eat soft, easy-to-swallow foods for a while.
– Avoid spicy, sour and fatty foods which can exacerbate throat irritation.
– Drink warm liquids such as herbal teas or warm water with honey to moisten the throat.
– Chew lozenges or suck on ice cubes to relieve pain.
– Avoid smoking and exposure to cigarette smoke which can exacerbate throat irritation.

However, if the symptom of a sore throat when swallowing lasts a long time, gets worse, or is accompanied by other worrying symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor.

The doctor will be able to carry out further evaluations to determine the underlying cause and plan appropriate treatment.

It is important to remember that this article provides general information only. Each individual may have different causes and treatments for a sore throat when swallowing.

Consult a doctor for a proper diagnosis and treatment that suits your condition.

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